5 tips to improve your email writing skills
From: Translation Bureau
On this page
We’ve all been there. You click open an email, and there’s a long block of text that stretches beyond where you can see. Your first reaction is to close the window and flag the email for later. Much later.
Email can be a useful communication tool, but not everyone uses it well. Below are 5 steps to follow in order to draft an email that readers will open, read and understand.
1. Maintain your credibility
Present yourself as the trusted professional you are.
- Be polite: say please and thank you as appropriate
- Keep a professional tone: avoid slang, exclamation marks, and smiley faces
- Use a suitable greeting and opening, but avoid insincere small talk
- Include a suitable sign-off that fits the tone of the email
- Keep your email signature simple and short: limit images and avoid cursive fonts
- Don’t use too many high importance flags
2. Present your email thoughtfully
Give the right amount of information in the right way so that your reader is able to read your message easily, and wants to.
- Place your key message and call to action near the top so it’s the first thing your reader sees
- Organize the rest of the information from most to least important
- Limit the number of issues covered in the email to increase the chance of a response
- Write briefly and stick to the point: try to keep to 150 words or less
- Use short, everyday words instead of jargon and difficult words
- Avoid acronyms and terms your reader won’t understand
- Keep sentences short
3. Help your reader scan
We don’t read content onscreen word for word. In fact, most of us scan a web page in an F-shaped pattern. Use layout and formatting to guide your reader through the email and to your key points.
- Put your key message and call to action at the top
- For a longer email with a lot of details, use headings
- Write in easy-to-read chunks: use short paragraphs and lists with bullets or numbers
- Don’t use too much bold; if you emphasize too many words, you end up emphasizing nothing
- Avoid all caps, huge fonts and random colours; these slow the reader down
4. Write your subject line last
Your subject line could determine whether your reader opens your email. Make it count.
- Write the subject line after drafting your message
- Use action verbs so the reader knows what you want done
- Be specific and descriptive so the reader knows right away what the message is about
- Appeal to the reader’s needs: ask yourself what will make the reader care about your email
- Avoid starting a sentence in the subject line and finishing it in the body
- Keep your subject line under 50 characters or 6 to 8 words, so the whole line will show in the inbox preview
- Keep in mind that some smartphones show only 33 to 44 characters for the subject line
5. Review and revise
Imagine that everyone in the company will read your message. Emails are quick to create, but leave a lasting impression. Review your work now to save time and get results later.
- Use the spell-check feature to reduce errors
- Read the message backwards to check for errors that a spell-checker won’t catch, like homonyms and usage errors
- Check that your key message is perfectly clear, without typos, wordy phrases, or anything that can be misunderstood
- Check that all names and titles are correct
- Make sure you have attached any important files or included any necessary links
Do you have a useful tip for effective email writing not included here? Please share it in the comments.
The opinions expressed in posts and comments published on the Our Languages blog are solely those of the authors and commenters and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Language Portal of Canada.
Leave a comment
Please consult the “Comments and interaction” section on the Canada.ca Terms and conditions page before adding your comment. The Language Portal of Canada reviews comments before they’re posted. We reserve the right to edit, refuse or remove any question or comment that violates these commenting guidelines.
By submitting a comment, you permanently waive your moral rights, which means that you give the Government of Canada permission to use, reproduce, edit and share your comment royalty-free, in whole or in part, in any manner it chooses. You also confirm that nothing in your comment infringes third party rights (for example, the use of a text from a third party without his or her permission).
Comments are displayed in the language they were submitted.