Verb moods 2

Verbs, like people, have moods—three, in fact: indicative, imperative and subjunctive. And like people’s moods, verb moods reveal attitudes: specifically, the writer’s or speaker’s attitude about what is being said.

Is the writer or speaker stating a fact or opinion, or asking a question (indicative)? Giving a command or a direction (imperative)? Expressing a suggestion, requirement or desire, or stating an imaginary or hypothetical condition (subjunctive)? The verb moods will tell you.

If you think you are up to the challenge, try to identify the mood of the verbs in square brackets in the following sentences.

1. It is important that the report [be submitted] by 9:00 a.m. on Monday morning.
2. If the report [is] not finished by end of day Friday, we [will have] to work over the weekend to meet the Monday morning deadline.
3. We could have met the deadline if the tasks [had been] better delegated.
4. The owner asks that the last person to leave at night [turn] off all the lights and [take] out any trash.
5. If you are the last person to leave at night, [turn] off all the lights and [take] out any trash.
6. I wish that my favourite neighbourhood café [were] still open on Sundays.
7. [Go] to another café. There are plenty to choose from in your neighbourhood.
8. How long [does] it [take] you to complete your daily workout routine?
9. God [bless] you, Karen. You are such a thoughtful, giving person.
10. When we [went] on our annual trips to Alberta, we [would] always [spend] an afternoon in downtown Calgary.