Clauses and phrases 2

Clauses and phrases are similar, yet different. As you may recall, a clause is a group of related words that has a subject and a predicate. A phrase is also a group of related words, but it lacks a subject or a predicate or both.

Test your knowledge by picking out which of these examples are clauses and which are phrases.

1. by the shore of the lake stood a camp
2. several people walking beside the lake
3. wearing coats with hoods turned up against the cold breeze
4. they enjoyed seeing the wildlife
5. the Canada geese flying overhead with loud cries
6. after this morning's sleet
7. the rocks on the shore were slippery underfoot
8. their surface covered in a thin layer of ice