The stock market crash was only the beginning of the extreme shift from the roaring twenties to the dirty thirties. An abrupt economic downturn, marked by the agricultural disaster of the Dust Bowl, unemployment and labour unrest, prompted progressive reforms in parts of the world and more radical measures elsewhere. By the end of the decade, the first Canadian troops were sailing for Britain to take part in the Second World War.
Still, there were bright spots. Canada appointed its first woman to the Senate. The CBC, the National Film Board and The Globe and Mail were founded. And some of this country's greatest luminaries were born, including Glenn Gould, Leonard Cohen, David Suzuki and Margaret Atwood.
barrel of black mud
Definition: chocolate milkshake Note: A barrel of red mud would be a strawberry milkshake.
Definition: massive, sky-darkening dust storm Synonym: black roller
bossy in a bowl
Definition: beef stew
Definition: eggs Synonym: hen fruit, biddies
Definition: socialites who frequent amusing and fashionable cafés and restaurants Note: Until the 1930s, most entertaining was done in the home.
Definition: female vocalist
Definition: milk Synonym: bovine extract
Definition: failed radio program Note: Originally, a clambake simply meant a jam session. Later, it was used to refer to a jam session or an arranged session that had failed. These days, in musicians' slang, a clam refers to a missed note, especially in reference to trumpet players. By extension, a clambake refers to a concert or piece with many wrong or missed notes.
Definition: radio interference
Definition: water Synonym: Adam's ale, tin roof
Definition: radio waves Note: In amateur radio jargon, ether was the elastic, massless medium once believed to fill all space and to conduct electromagnetic (radio) waves.
flip a rattler
Definition: jump aboard a moving boxcar
go by hand
Definition: walk Note: This may have been a reference to hitchhiking or to travelling the hard way.
hang a dilly
Definition: make a large lime-flavoured cola Note: Other flavours that could be hung (or shot, if the customer ordered a small size) include fresh (lemon), honest (cherry) and mud (chocolate).
hounds on an island
Definition: wieners and beans
Definition: spontaneously improvise music Synonym: swing out
Definition: musician who does not improvise
Definition: party where guests donate money to help pay rent
Definition: showy dancers
Definition: work stoppage during which employees put down their tools but stay at their workstation Synonym: crossed-arms strike, folded-arms strike, stay-in strike, sit-in strike Note: The first of this type of labour action took place at the General Motors plant in Flint, Michigan, and lasted 44 days.
splash or red noise
Definition: bowl of tomato soup
Definition: band that does not improvise
Definition: car with ample luggage and seating space designed for long-distance travel