Want to expand your vocabulary? Figure out the meaning of an unknown word? If so, learning to identify prefixes and understanding their meaning will help you do just that.
What's a prefix? It's a word form that attaches itself to the beginning of another word (the base word) to change the word's meaning. For example, the prefix ex means "former." Connect it to the base word friend, and you're no longer on friendly terms—you're an ex-friend. Big difference.
But what about ex in the word exclude? Is that a prefix, too? No, it isn't. It's a combining form meaning "out," and it attaches itself to a root word, not a base word. Remove the ex, and you're left with the root clude, which makes no sense by itself.
Have fun increasing your word knowledge with these common English prefixes and combining forms.
Example:Paleontologists study fossils.
Example:This pan-Canadian project will benefit educational institutions.
Meaning 1:additional, supplementary, secondary
Example:Civilians fought alongside soldiers in a paramilitary capacity.
Meaning 2:outside of
Example:Usually, what science cannot explain is considered paranormal.
Meaning 3:having to do with parachutes
Example:Paragliding can make you feel like a bird in flight.
Example:Sit under a parasol to protect yourself from the sun.
Example:Pathologists study diseases.
Example:The family's patriarch, a respected elder, led the group.
Example:A pediatrician is a doctor who treats children.
Examples:Pamper your feet with a pedicure.
Count the number of steps you take in a day with a pedometer.
Example:A pentagon has five sides.
Example:His cologne permeated the room.
Example:We jogged the perimeter of the field.
Examples:Petra is a city carved in stone.
Petrified wood, or fossilized wood, is the provincial stone of Alberta.
Example:Phlebitis is inflammation in the veins of the legs.
Example:Plants create fuel from light through photosynthesis.
Example:Our store offers photofinishing services.
Example:I do physiotherapy exercises to correct my knee problems.
Example:Krill feed on phytoplankton, microscopic plants that live in the ocean.
Example:The pictographs on Agawa Rock depict canoes and animals.
Example:The pluridisciplinary program involves courses from several disciplines.
Example:The flu shot may reduce the risk of catching pneumonia.
Example:A polyglot speaks many languages.
Example:Enrolling in postsecondary education can lead to a brighter future.
Example:Families travelling with children can pre-board the flight.
Example:Pro-government supporters gathered in the square.
Meaning 2:acting for
Example:The pro-chairperson replaces the chair during holidays.
Example:The prototype served as a pattern for later models.
Example:"Grey Owl" was the pseudonym of Archibald Belaney.
Example:A psychologist can help you manage your anger.
Example:The pyrotechnic show combined music with fireworks.